The ketogenic diet, or keto diet, strictly limits carbohydrates while increasing the amount of fat that a person eats. A common short-term side effect of the keto diet is keto flu, which includes symptoms such as tiredness, nausea, and headaches. Researchers do not know a lot about the long-term effects of following the keto diet. However, it may cause health issues for some people. In this article, we look at what the keto diet involves, its possible risks and side effects, and who it may benefit. The aim is to encourage the body to burn fat for energy instead of carbohydrates. This metabolic change puts the body into a state of ketosis.
This high-fat, low-carb approach has become one of the most popular ways to lose weight, but you should be aware of these risks before you give it a shot. While this is a deterrent for many, Christy Brissette, RD, a private-practice dietitian in Chicago, notes that many of her patients like the diet because of its strictness. Brissette agrees with this line of thinking. As you can see, there are many potential benefits and side effects of the ketogenic diet. This may be related to the fact that protein alone is less effective for muscle building than protein and carbohydrates together after exercise. Yet the folks on keto did lose more leg muscle. Falls are the top cause of death from injury in older populations, according to the Institute of Medicine Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Kidney stones are a well-noted potential side effect of the ketogenic diet. Children supplementing with potassium citrate in the study noticed a decreased likelihood of kidney stones. Speak with your healthcare practitioner about supplementing if kidney stones are a concern.
Sugar consumption is positively associated with cancer in humans and test animals 58 — J Pediatr. Mitochondrial dysfunction in the elderly: Possible role in insulin resistance. The level of triglycerides decreased significantly after 24 weeks of treatment. In support of this hypothesis, it was found that a ketogenic diet was the treatment of choice for glucose transporter protein syndrome and pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency, which are both associated with cerebral energy failure and seizures Baillieres Clin Gastroenterol. In any case, it is always best to consult your doctor and a nutritionist for personal advice if you are considering a diet for weight loss, perhaps especially if you’re considering a restrictive diet such as keto.